Prosthetics of teeth
Prosthetics of teeth: types and stages
Dental prosthetics – the restoration of structures, functions, the appearance of destroyed, partially, or completely lost teeth.
A smile is an important part of our lives. But there are times when it is spoiled, for example, a lost tooth. Fortunately, with the opportunities in the field of dentistry, this is no longer a tragedy, because prosthetics come to the rescue.
Types of dental prosthetics
There are two main types of prosthetics. Removable prosthetics are used in the complete or partial absence of teeth. Permanent prosthetics – in case of loss or destruction of several teeth.
An important detail: only a dentist can determine which type of prosthesis is right for you.
Removable dentures are acrylic, nylon, and clasp. Acrylic is cheap and perfectly retains color and shape, nylon – do not require special care and allow you to restore the entire jaw. Clasps – complex, because they have a special metal arc, but very reliable.
Fixed prosthetics have many varieties: installation of bridges or crowns, microprosthetics, etc. The advantage of this type is that the prostheses are fixed.
Crowns are the most common type of permanent prosthesis. There are many types of crowns, but most often in dentistry use cermets and zirconium.
Zirconium crowns are one of the most modern and optimal options for permanent prosthetics. They are made of durable material – zirconium dioxide. The main advantage of such crowns is their aesthetics: they have the same transparency as real teeth. Zirconium crowns are also suitable for patients prone to allergies.
Metal ceramics is inferior to zirconium in some characteristics – in particular, in aesthetics. However, cermet crowns can be considered in some cases as a durable economical option.
How do prosthetics work?
Prostheses are selected and installed for the specific case of the patient. There are three main stages.
The first stage is a survey. This stage includes the initial and detailed examination. The scope of work, treatment plan, and type of prosthetics are determined.
The second stage – rehabilitation of the oral cavity, ie – comprehensive treatment. Tartar is removed, caries is treated, root canals are filled, etc.
The third stage is prosthetics. This stage involves a long and laborious process. Tooth casts are made, a prosthesis is made, fitting is performed, if all is well – the prosthesis is installed.
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